Brief Book Note: Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Qumran, Septuagint

textualcriticismlxxdsshbTitle: Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Qumran, Septuagint: Collected Essays, Volume 3 

Author: Emanuel Tov

Series: Vetus Testamentum, Supplements

Bibliographic info: 540 pp.

Publisher: Brill, 2015.

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This is the third volume of collected studies by Emanuel Tov, with the other two being:

  • The Greek and Hebrew Bible: Collected Essays on the Septuagint (VTSup 72; Leiden: Brill, 1999).
  • Hebrew Bible, Greek Bible, and Qumran: Collected Essays (TSAJ 121; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2008).

This volume contains thirty-three studies by Emanuel Tov on the textual criticism of the Hebrew Bible, the Septuagint, and the writings of Qumran. All of these essays were originally published between 2008 and 2014, though they have all been revised and reworked (to varying degrees) for this volume, including updated bibliographies. Those familiar with these research areas will probably be aware of the role that Tov has played in them, from publishing an impressive amount of literature on these topics to being the past editor-in-chief of the international Dead Sea Scrolls publication project.

There are eighteen studies on which deal specifically with textual criticism, ranging from a review of the Judges volume of the Biblia Hebraica Quinta to a comparison of the genealogical lists in Genesis 5 and 11 in three different versions (MT, LXX, SP). There are nine studies on Qumran writings, covering such topics as the scribal features of two Qumran scrolls to Tov’s thoughts on the Discoveries of the Judaean Desert Publication Project. And there are six studies on the Septuagint, dealing with topics from the use of personal names in LXX Isaiah to the role the Septuagint has played in the Jewish and Christian traditions.

This is an impressive collection of studies from a distinguished voice in the field of biblical studies. It will naturally appeal to anyone interested in textual criticism, the Hebrew Bible, and the Septuagint, but also other areas such as the Apocrypha, Second Temple literature, the Qumran community, and so forth.

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