Unit 1

Answers to the ‘Drill’ and ‘Exercise’ questions of Unit 1 of Greek: An Intensive Course by Hansen and Quinn. If you spot an error then please leave a comment below.

Answers to ‘Drill’ Questions

Section I

  1. τέχναι – feminine; nominative plural or vocative plural, “arts” or “skills” (as subject or predicative nominative). Singulars for both are τέχνη.
  2. ψυχήν – feminine, accusative, singular, “soul” (as a direct object). Plural is ψυχάς.
  3. τεχνῶν – feminine, genitive, plural, “(of/from) arts”. Singular is τέχνης.
  4. ἀγοράς – feminine, accusative, plural, “marketplaces” (as a direct object). Singular is ἀγοράν.
  5. ἀγορᾶς – feminine, genitive, singular, “(of/from a) marketplace”. Plural is ἀγορῶν.
  6. ψυχαῖς – feminine, dative, plural, “[by/with/to/for] souls”. Singular is ψυχῇ.
  7. τέχνῃ – feminine, dative, singular, “[by/with/to/for] arts”. Plural is τέχναις.
  8. χώρα – feminine, nominative singular or vocative singular, “land” or “country” (as subject or predicate nominative). Plurals for both are χῶραι.
  9. ἀγορᾷ – feminine, dative, singular, “[by/with/to/for] (the) marketplace”. Plural is ἀγοραῖς.
  10. τέχνας – feminine, accusative, plural, “crafts” (as a direct object). Singular is τέχνην.
  11. λόγων – masculine, genitive, plural, “(of/from) words”. Singular is λόγου.
  12. ἀνθρώποις – masculine, dative, plural, “”[by/with/to/for] men”. Singular is ἀνθρώπῳ.
  13. ἄνθρωπον – masculine, accusative, singular, “man” (as a direct object). Plural is ἀνθρώπους.
  14. λόγῳ – masculine, dative, singular, “[by/with/to/for] (the) word”. Plural is λόγοις.
  15. ἔργα – neuter, nominative plural and vocative plural (“works” as subject or predicative nominative), or accusative plural (“works” as a direct object). Singular forms are all ἔργον.
  16. ἀδελφοῦ – masculine, genitive, singular, “(of/from a) brother”. Plural is ἀδελφῶν.
  17. λόγον – masculine, accusative, singular, “word” (as a direct object). Plural is λόγους.
  18. δῶρον – neuter, nominative singular or vocative singular (“work” as subject or predicative nominative), or accusative singular (“work” as a direct object). Plurals are all δῶρα.
  19. ἀδελφοί – masculine, nominative, plural, “brothers” (as subject or predicate nominative). Singular is ἀδελφός.
  20. ἔργων – neuter, genitive, plural, “(of/from) works”. Singular is ἔργου.
  21. χώρας – feminine, genitive singular (“of/from a country”), or accusative plural (“countries” as a direct object). Plural genitive is χωρῶν and singular accusative is χώραν.
  22. δώροις – neuter, dative, plural, “[by/with/to/for] gifts”. Singular is δώρῳ.
  23. ἄνθρωπε – masculine, vocative, singular, “O man”. Plural is ἄνθρωποι.
  24. ἀδελφοῖς – masculine, dative, plural, “[by/with/to/for] brothers”. Singular is ἀδελφῷ.
  25. δῶρα – neuter, nominative or vocative plural (“gifts” as a subject or predicative nominative), or accusative plural (“gifts” as a direct object). All singulars are δῶρον.

Section II

  1. Ὁμήρῳ, Ὅμηρον.
  2. θεῷ, θεοί.
  3. νήσῳ, νῆσοι.
  4. βιβλίων, βιβλία.
  5. τεχνῶν, τέχναις.
  6. χῶραι, χωρῶν.
  7. ἀγοραῖς, ἀγοράς, ἀγορᾶς.
  8. ἀδελφῶν, ἀδελφούς.
  9. δώρου, δῶρα.
  10. ψυχαί, ψυχαῖς.

Section III

  1. a) ἀδελφός, ἀδελφοῦ, ἀδελφῷ, ἀδελφόν, ἄδελφε; ἀδελφοί, ἀδελφῶν, ἀδελφοῖς, ἀδελφούς, ἀδελφοί.
    b) ἀδελφός, ἀδελφοί, nominative; ἀδελφοῦ, ἀδελφῶν, genitive; ἀδελφῷ, ἀδελφοῖς, dative; ἀδελφόν, ἀδελφούς, accusative; ἄδελφε, ἀδελφοί, vocative.
  2. a) ψυχή, ψυχῆς, ψυχῇ, ψυχήν, ψυχή; ψυχαί, ψυχῶν, ψυχαῖς, ψυχάς, ψυχαί.
    b) ψυχή, ψυχαί, nominative; ψυχῆς, ψυχῶν, genitive; ψυχῇ, ψυχαῖς , dative; ψυχήν, ψυχάς, accusative; ψυχή, ψυχαί, vocative.
  3. a) ἡ χώρα, τῆς χώρας, τῇ χώρᾳ, τὴν χώραν, ἡ χώρα; αἱ χῶραι, τῶν χωρῶν, ταῖς χώραις, τὰς χώρας, αἱ χώρα.
    b) χώρα, χῶραι, nominative; χώρας, χωρῶν, genitive; χώρᾳ, χώραις, dative; χώραν, χώρας, accusative; χώρα, χῶραι, vocative.
  4. a) τὸ δῶρον, τοῦ δώρου, τῷ δώρῳ, τὸ δῶρον, τὸ δῶρον; τὰ δῶρα, τῶν δώρων, τοῖς δώροις, τὰ δῶρα, τὰ δῶρα.
    b) δῶρον, δῶρα, nominative; δώρου, δώρων, genitive; δώρῳ, δώροις, dative; δῶρον, δῶρα, accusative; δῶρον, δῶρα, vocative.
  5. a) ἡ ὁδός, τῆς ὁδοῦ, τῇ ὁδῷ, τὴν ὁδόν, ὦ ὁδέ; αἱ ὁδοί, τῶν ὁδῶν, ταῖς ὁδοῖς, τὰς ὁδούς, αἱ ὁδοί.
    b) ὁδός, ὁδοί, nominative; ὁδοῦ, ὁδῶν, genitive; ὁδῷ, ὁδοῖς, dative; ὁδόν, ὁδούς, accusative; ὁδέ, ὁδοί, vocative.

Section IV

  1. The brothers.
  2. On the island.
  3. On [the] islands.
  4. Arts.
  5. To the marketplace.
  6. Of the brothers.
  7. The soul of the brother.
  8. The soul of Homer.
  9. By/with work.
  10. The gifts of the brothers.
  11. The gifts, the ones of the brothers.
  12. The gifts to the brothers.
  13. Gifts, to the brothers.
  14. The gifts of the brothers, the ones for the men.
  15. The gifts to the gods, the ones of the men.
  16. The gifts for the brothers, the ones in the marketplace.
  17. Homer teaches the brother.
    [the definite article could also be functioning as a possessive, i.e. “his brother”]
  18. The brother sends the gifts to the islands.

Answers to ‘Exercise’ Questions

Section I

  1. Homer teaches the man.
  2. The brother of Homer teaches the man.
  3. The man teaches Homer.
  4. Homer teaches the men.
  5. Homer teaches the men in the marketplace.
  6. The brother of Homer teaches the men, [the ones] in the marketplace.
    [the extra article τούς puts emphasis on the fact that it is the men in the marketplace who are the ones being taught]
  7. In the marketplaces, Homer teaches the souls of men with [or “by means of”] books.
  8. The god sends a gift to the brother of Homer in the country.
  9. O Homer, the goddess sends gifts to the men in the country.
  10. The brother of the man sends the gifts of the gods out of the house onto the islands.
  11. The man on the island sends his brothers into battle.
  12. The brother of Homer sends a book from the marketplace onto the island.
  13. The brother sends gifts, the books of Homer, into the houses of men.
  14. The man teaches his brother by word and deed in the house.
  15. The man teaches his brothers by both word and deed.
  16. O Brother, even in battle, god teaches the men – the brothers of Homer.
  17. O Gods, Homer teaches the men on the roads with his words.
  18. Homer sends the gifts for the men into the country by the road from the marketplace.
  19. Homer teaches even his brother by skill.
  20. Homer teaches his brother in his skill by a book.
  21. Homer teaches his brother the skill by books.
  22. The god sends words into the souls of men.

Section II

  1. ὁ θεὸς τοὺς ἀνθρώπους παιδεύει.
  2. ὁ ἄνθρωπος τὸν τοῦ Όμήρου ἀδελφὸν πέμπει εἰς τὴν ἀγοράν.
  3. ὦ ἄνθρωπε, ὁ τοῦ Ὁμήρου ἀδελφὸς δῶρον τοῖς θεοῖς πέμπει ἐκ τῆς νήσου.
  4. τοῖς λόγοις  ὁ Ὅμηρος παιδεύει τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς ἐν ταῖς νήσοις.

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