Unit 10

Answers to the ‘Exercise’ questions of Unit 10 of Greek: An Intensive Course by Hansen and Quinn. If you spot an error or have alternate suggestions of translation then please leave a comment below. (Note: Answers to Drill questions will be coming sometime in the future).

Section I

  1. In the truly well-governed cities, not the people but the law is king.  For all citizens, obeying the laws, do righteous things so as for the city to be saved from both dangers and fears.
  2. The poet used to show to the king’s daughter the poems that had been written about nature.
  3. O Father, the enemy was defeated by the well-born soldiers and the fortunate city was saved.  For after having conquered, the general (who was sent away into the city of the Athenians after the battle) reported these things both in the city council and the assembly.  He will therefore remain in the city with his friends in order to make sacrifices to the gods.
  4. If without those fortunate horsemen the hoplites were refusing to be stationed into battle beyond guarding against the enemy, the rule of the city would be truly destroyed.  If only we deemed this city worthy of rule.
  5. Virtue is a good possession,you know, for the well-educated.
  6. O wise daughter, do not do wrong, having been persuaded by the speeches of this bad horseman.  For if ever you should do shameful things, your mother would not indeed be honored.
  7. If only Demosthenes would write a long speech concerning the fearful sufferings in war so as for the citizens not to destroy the peace, even though they are wishing to do this.  For if they should keep peace they would be saved.
  8. After leaving their goods in the houses, the prudent women were staying there beside the sea to guard against the enemy.
  9. So frightful is this suffering as for Demosthenes to wish to die.  Are we ever to deem worthy of a prize this man who did shameful things?
  10. Truly happy is the woman who obeys the laws of the city and who at the same time honors both mother and father, who makes sacrifices to the gods and who has never done unjust things.  For this woman, you know, is dear to gods and men that she is honored by everyone.
  11. When will the priest, the one called out from the city, sacrifice on behalf of these cities to both the father of the gods and to the land, mother of both gods and men?We consider Socrates worthy of being honored because he thoroughly taught the citizens true virtue and making the city truly happy.
  12. We consider Socrates worthy of being honored because he thoroughly taught the citizens true virtue and making the city truly happy.
  13. Am I to announce in the assembly all the sufferings of the men whom the general led out?  For if I make these things clear to the whole city I would stop the war.  These things, therefore, I will announce.
  14. When did the king sacrifice his daughter to the goddess with the result that he might lead the army?
  15. By the king’s not sacrificing his daughter to the goddess the war had been prevented with the result that we’re keeping the peace.
  16. Neither gold nor silver abides, but the reputation of noble men who have been taught by the poets the deeds of good men will abide.
  17. The gods are honored by the goats that have been sacrificed in the temple in order to be saving the city.  For without sacrifices the gods are hostile and will call the enemies into the land so that they conquer.
  18. Since his life was about to end during that day, Socrates was showing the young men the types of virtue.
  19. To some classes of people, you know, one thing is noble, to other classes it is another thing. For all do whatever they do by law.
  20. O happy Socrates, are you showing your friends the nature of virtue?  For if you show virtue well, they will indeed not do wrong, but if you should not show this well, they would do bad things.  You do well when you show all the good things.
  21. If you had not been conquered before the end of the contest, you would have been thought worthy of a prize.
  22. Do you in fact call peace the end of war?
  23. To both the fathers and mothers of the soldiers that have been buried in this plain the speeches delivered by the orator about the fine reputation and the freedom that has now been saved are not sufficient.
  24. When will the sufferings of the teachers end?
  25. Because she had done shameful things, the man sent his daughter out of his sight.
  26. It is in fact good for the city for Socrates’ to be teaching the young men.
  27. Let us indict those in office of bribery since they stole the things of the people against the laws with the result that the city was conquered.
  28. Despite having stolen wine, they will not be called to justice.

Section II

  1. ὅπως θύῃ ὑπὲρ τῶν στρατιωτῶν τῶν νικησάντων τόν γε ἱερεὰ κελεύσωμεν πάντας τὰς αἶγας λιπεῖν τῇ τοῦ βασιλέως μητρὶ.
  2. τοῦτον ἄθλου ἀξιοῖς ἢ στεφάνου ὃς ἂν οὐ νικηθῇ ἐν τοῖς ἀγοῦσιν;
  3. οἱ ἱππεῖς οὕτως ἐκεδιδάχθησαν ὑπὸ τῶν γερόντων ὥστε ἀξιωθῆναι ἄθλων καὶ δώρων ἐν πᾶσι τοῖς ἀγοῦσιν.
  4. τῷ τὸν Σωκράτη ἐθέλειν ὑπὲρ ἀρετῆς τελευτᾶν καλῶς ποιεῖν διδασκόμεθα.
  5. οἱ τὼν στρατιωτῶν πατέρες τῶν ἐκ τῆς πόλεως ἐκκληθέντων εἰς μάχην ἐτάξοντο ὥστε αἵ γε μικραὶ οἰκίαι ἐσώθησαν.

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